Bythe game had spread to colleges across the country, including WellesleyVassarand Bryn Mawr. He sought a vigorous indoor game to keep his students occupied and at proper levels of fitness during the long New England winters. Whereas in American footballthe lace construction proved to be advantageous for gripping and remains to this day.
Faced with opposition from the National Federation of State High School Associations and North Central Association of Colleges and Schools that bore a threat of the schools losing Basketball and book slam accreditation the last tournament was in The last tournaments were held at Alabama State College from to For men, the official ball is In it had 29 state champions.
James Naismith was instrumental in establishing college basketball. The ball is out of bounds if it touches a boundary line, or touches any player or object that is out of bounds.
This competition has usually been dominated by the United States, whose team has won all but three titles. February Learn how and when to remove this template message The University of Kansas basketball team, with James Naismith at the back, right.
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In FIBA, a foul resulting in ejection is called a disqualifying foul, while in leagues other than the NBA, such a foul is referred to as flagrant. If a player is fouled while attempting a shot and the shot is unsuccessful, the player is awarded a number of free throws equal to the value of the attempted shot.
The first of these came in a controversial final game in Munich in against the Soviet Union, in which the ending of the game was replayed three times until the Soviet Union finally came out on top.
At almost all levels of competition, the top of the rim is exactly 10 feet 3. If women are playing, the official basketball size is A team, once having established ball control in the front half of their court, may not return the ball to the backcourt and be the first to touch it.
The table officials are responsible for keeping track of each teams scoring, timekeeping, individual and team foulsplayer substitutions, team possession arrowand the shot clock.
When a defensive player is charged with goaltending, the basket is awarded. The game ended at 1—0; the shot was made from 25 feet 7. Players jumped from team to team and teams played in armories and smoky dance halls.
The event was organized by Amos Alonzo Stagg and sent invitations to state champion teams. It was founded as a "rebellion" of several teams from the now-defunct Manila Industrial and Commercial Athletic Association, which was tightly controlled by the Basketball Association of the Philippines now defunctthe then-FIBA recognized national association.
Shortly after she was hired at Smith, she went to Naismith to learn more about the game. Nor may a player stop his dribble and then resume dribbling. However, the league has recently taken steps forward.
There are limits imposed on the time taken before progressing the ball past halfway 8 seconds in FIBA and the NBA; 10 seconds in NCAA and high school for both sexesbefore attempting a shot 24 seconds in FIBA, the NBA, and U Sports Canadian universities play for both sexes, and 30 seconds in NCAA play for both sexesholding the ball while closely guarded 5 secondsand remaining in the restricted area known as the free-throw lane, or the " key " 3 seconds.
For college, the NBA, and many high schools, there are a total of three referees on the court. A good turnout of spectators watched the game. They posted a record of wins and only 20 losses over that span, as they met any team that wanted to challenge them, funding their tours from gate receipts.
Some scoreboards also indicate the number of fouls committed. The game is controlled by the officials consisting of the referee referred to as crew chief in the NBAone or two umpires referred to as referees in the NBA and the table officials.
Dribbling only became a major part of the game around the s[ citation needed ], as manufacturing improved the ball shape. Mahan then said, "Why not call it basketball? The first pro league, the National Basketball League, was formed in to protect players from exploitation and to promote a less rough game.
While variation is possible in the dimensions of the court and backboard, it is considered important for the basket to be of the correct height — a rim that is off by just a few inches can have an adverse effect on shooting.Similar Look to the Official Game Backboards of the NBA The NBA Slam Jam is made at a 1/4" scale replica of actual NBA game backboard, keeping the proportions the same as the professional level backboards, and the design features a color NBA Logoman.
Basketball is a team sport in which ten players, five on a side, opposing one another on a rectangular court, have in play the primary objective to shoot a basketball (approximately inches (24 cm) in diameter) through the defender's hoop (a basket 18 inches (46 cm) in diameter mounted 10 feet ( m) high to a backboard at each end of the court).
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