Thus, the Caodaist motto seems almost mathematically designed to irritate him. Retrieved September 20, Nevertheless, we have no problem understanding that people have chosen to act in a certain way as a result of a hypothetical imperative.
Pyle is always friendly to Fowler, and inquires about Phuong frequently. They maintained a safe distance from the war, flying above the range of machine guns between Saigon and Hanoi and back again.
Jumping forward to later in the day, Fowler and Phuong have lunch in his apartment. In a literal sense, Fowler needed to lean in to listen when they first met. Seeing Fowler, Pyle greets him warmly. Summary Analysis It is the day of an important festival in Vietnam—the festival of Caodaism.
Perhaps this helps to explain why Fowler also despises Pyle so much—he hates himself for making so many mistakes in the past. Instead, Fowler leaves Pyle to think about the basic outline of the political climate of Vietnam, knowing that it does not convey the real experience of Vietnam, which Fowler describes in the narration as a series of colorful, vivid sensory images of life in the country.
Cite This Page Choose citation style: We see, first-hand, Chapter 2 section 1 summary shamelessly Pyle refuses to get involved in Vietnamese culture, and seems to have no interest in it whatsoever. When he returns to Pyle, he is still talking to the commandant. Most of the fighting is taking place in the north, where the enemy can disappear into marshy rice paddies and jungle.
This creates a mood of constant uncertainty and suspense—as we must always be asking ourselves where and when the narration is taking place.
Hypothetical imperatives are regular and obvious occurrences. Active Themes At the bar, Fowler educates Pyle on the current situation in Vietnam, as he has done for many others.
Fowler reveals that that day is the second anniversary of their meeting. Furthermore, we should recognize that it would be impossible for us to derive universal moral laws from specific events and experiences; since all events are contingent upon specific circumstances, none of our experiences can be a source of moral principles that apply in all cases and all circumstances.
Here, he refuses to eat Vietnamese food, instead favoring ridiculous American health food. Fowler notices that Pyle has feelings of homesickness, which makes Fowler remember his own initial feelings of homesickness when he arrived in Vietnam years ago. In the south, the French control the main roads and watch towers, but it is still not completely safe — restaurants put grates over their windows to protect from grenade attacks.
Indeed, Fowler seems to be taking an almost fatherly interest in Pyle—as if Pyle is Fowler as he once was. Nevertheless, it is almost impossible to find examples of actions performed exclusively out of a sense of duty.
The religion of Caodaism was invented by a civil servant, and consists of a combination of three religions, including Christianity, Confucianism, and Buddhism. Anytime someone settles upon some purpose or objective, reason may make clear to them what course of action they should pursue.
At the same time, however, Pyle clearly only hears what he wants to here, unconsciously twisting reality to fit his political theory. As Fowler walks down the street, he makes more cynical observations, noting the smells of urine, the injustice of the police, pornographic magazines, and a group of drunk sailors, which Fowler guesses would make a good target for a bomb.
Retrieved September 20, Nearly every action we observe can be attributed to some motive other than pure duty. The lack of examples of pure moral action may seem disheartening. Developing a clearer understanding of a priori moral concepts can help to reinforce our moral sense against the distractions of competing interests and motivations.
Rational beings may align their "will" either with the objective laws of reason and morality or with subjective needs and interests. Fowler senses that Pyle and the commandant want to talk alone, and he leaves them.
Fowler offers to give Pyle a lift back into Saigon. Pyle arrogantly thinks that his knowledge of an academic text gives him license to interfere with the lives of Vietnamese people. Yet we may take heart in the fact that all rational beings may recognize that reason imposes clear moral demands.
Pyle was also very serious and reserved.
People may appear to act in a certain way because of a pure demand of reason, yet we can never be sure that they do not have some circumstantial interest or ulterior motive other than a pure categorical imperative.
Here again, Fowler treats Pyle as something of a surrogate son: This undertaking is more complicated in the case of indeterminate objectives like happiness, where it is difficult to know what particular actions will bring about the goal.
Chapter 2 - Part 1 Summary It is generally recognized that actions are not truly moral if they are performed in conformity with duty but not for the sake of duty alone.
Leaving Pyle, Fowler walks down the rue Catinat to his apartment and thinks about how Vietnam has become his home now, and how he has lost the innocent interest in his surroundings that he once had as a newcomer.LitCharts assigns a color and icon to each theme in The Quiet American, which you can use to track the themes throughout the work.
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A summary of Chapter 2 - Part 1 in Immanuel Kant's Grounding for the Metaphysics of Morals.
Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of Grounding for the Metaphysics of Morals and what it means. Perfect for acing essays, tests, and quizzes, as well as for writing lesson plans. Free summary and analysis of Part 1, Section 1, Chapter 2 in Wilkie Collins's The Woman in White that won't make you snore.