Why people disagree with moral relativism: These statements are true if the person does hold the appropriate attitude or have the appropriate feelings. There are no moral rules or rights - each case is unique and deserves a unique solution.
Are ethical statements objectively true? Consequentialism teaches that Four views ethics including discussion benefits and drawba should do whatever produces the greatest amount of good consequences. Therefore it makes sense to say that "good" refers to the things that a particular group of people approve of.
One of the big questions in moral philosophy is whether or not there are unchanging moral rules that apply in all cultures and at all times. It is based on the belief that ethical decisions treat people impartially and fairly, according to legal rules and standards Schermerhorn The most common forms of consequentialism are the various versions of utilitarianism, which favour actions that produce the greatest amount of happiness.
When people do this, they often see those who they regard as immoral as in some way less human or deserving of respect than themselves; sometimes with tragic consequences. Virtue ethics is particularly concerned with the way individuals live their lives, and less concerned in assessing particular actions.
The company claimed that Horner is a manager and therefore no need to receive the overtime pay. This matter is common in Bangladesh because their salaries are cheap and they are forced work for longer hours. This concept is suitable for companies who are concern on the outcome for the greatest number, which is best for the company as a whole.
Moral absolutism argues that there are some moral rules that are always true, that these rules can be discovered and that these rules apply to everyone.
Two problems with consequentialism are: Ethical realists think that human beings discover ethical truths that already have an independent existence. Intuitionists think that goodness or badness can be detected by adults - they say that human beings have an intuitive moral sense that enables them to detect real moral truths.
Ethical non-realists think that human beings invent ethical truths. But after these things have been made clear, each person must make their own individual decision as to what to do, and then react appropriately to the consequences.
So good things are the things that a sensible person realises are good if they spend some time pondering the subject. Many of us feel that moral rules have more to them than the general agreement of a group of people - that morality is more than a super-charged form of etiquette Many of us think we can be good without conforming to all the rules of society Moral relativism has a problem with arguing against the majority view: They usually go on to say that ethics is used by the dominant political elite as a tool to control everyone else.
So, something is good because God says it is, and the way to lead a good life is to do what God wants. If a group believes that a particular activity is "wrong" it can then use morality as the justification for attacking those who practice that activity.
To illustrate this concept, we look at the case of U-Haul and James Horner where Horner, a manager in U-Haul claimed for his overtime pay.
It is defined as a means of making decisions based on what is good for the greatest number Gomex-Mejia et al. To put it very simply, virtue ethics teaches that an action is right if and only if it is an action that a virtuous person would do in the same circumstances, and that a virtuous person is someone who has a particularly good character.
Therefore, he should get the overtime pay as what the other worker gets. If a person says something is good or bad they are telling us about the positive or negative feelings that they have about that something.
So when someone makes a moral judgement they show their feelings about something. Virtue Ethics is particularly concerned with the moral character of human beings.
In this case, the Ford managers did not take into account on how many people who suffers when they bought the car and had an accident. To illustrate this view more clearly, we look at the decision-making on the production of the new Ford car, Pinto in the s where the Ford managers had to decide whether to impose the lowest cost and the greatest benefits would be to leave the design to be unchanged Velasquez How to cite this page Choose cite format: Usually, ethical companies perform well financially and are better off as compare to the companies who are rather not ethical in their decision-making.Start studying 4 views on ethical behaviour.
Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Dec 15, · Ethics are a system of moral principles and a branch of philosophy which defines what is good for individuals and society.
Four ethical 'isms' Religious views of ethics tend to be absolutist. This essay will discuss on the four views of ethics and relate each of the views with a recent example. We will write a custom essay sample on The Four Views of Ethics specifically for you for only $ $/page.
Order now Discussion. The first view is the utilitarian view of ethics. The benefits and drawbacks are determined by the.
The Four Views of Ethics: Including a Discussion of the Benefits and drawbacks Related to each of the Four Views. Thus, there are four views of ethics in influencing a manager's ethical decision for the best of the company that is the utilitarian view, rights view, theory of justice and lastly integrative social contracts theory.
Start studying Final Exam Business Ethics Chapters 1 - Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Which of the following is not one of the benefits of being ethical and socially responsible in business. Eric views animal research in the pharmaceutical industry as a way to improve drugs that will.
Four Articles All four articles center their focus on business ethics. Of the four articles, three are scholarly peer-reviewed journal articles and one, by Friedman, is an online periodical. [tags: Business, Ethics].Download