Beginning Reader A boy has five pennies and spends them one at a time as he meets people during a walk. Use discourse markers that reflect the organization and controlling idea of the original, for example cause-effect, comparison-contrast, classification, process, chronological order, persuasive argument, etc.
Me on the Map. The first major area in which women have become a powerful force is politics.
This video investigates the basic elements needed to create an effective one sentence summary and a summary paragraph. Students could pair up, write their own frames, and then trade texts and frames and complete the new frame.
Lucid text and clear illustrations are used to explain perimeters and more. Give explanations for each supporting point, summarizing the information from the original.
Give a full reference for this citation at the end of the summary see 6. See the research that supports this strategy Sejnost, R. Tales from the California Gold Rush By: Some students may require lots of transition words for sentences, others will need very few.
Differentiated instruction For Second Language Learners, students of varying reading skill, and for younger learners Vary the amount of information you provide in the frame. Give a full reference for the citation see the example below for the in-text citations in 2.
For a multi-paragraph summary, discuss each supporting point in a separate paragraph. Introduce it in the first sentence topic sentence.
Model the frame paragraph strategy with a text that is familiar to students before asking them to complete it on their own. The article author further states that The series varies in difficulty. Michael Dell turns the PC world inside out.
If no author is given, use the title of the article: Told in rhyme, this cumulative story is appealing and well supported by illustration. Authentic voices from journals and other original sources are seamlessly incorporated in the generously illustrated, engaging, and informative book.
In a longer summary, remind your reader that you are paraphrasing by using "reminder phrases," such as The author goes on to say that Rosalyn Schanzer Age Level: For a one-paragraph summary, discuss each supporting point in a separate sentence.
For citing electronic sources, please see Citation of Electronic Resources. The main idea or argument needs to be included in this first sentence.Framed paragraphs are pre-writing tools that help students write well-developed paragraphs. They are skeleton formats containing information about the main ideas and transition words that guide the organization and the development of supportive details.
Writing your summary--Steps: Organize your notes into an outline which includes main ideas and supporting points but no examples or details (dates, numbers, statistics). Write an introductory paragraph that begins with a frame, including an in-text citation of the source and the author as well as a reporting verb to introduce the main idea.
Writing paragraphs Signalling. It is the responsibility of the writer in English to make it clear to the reader how various parts of the paragraph are connected.
Summary frames are a series of questions that emphasize the important elements within a text pattern. Students answer the questions, then. Text Structure Frames (aka Summary Frames, Paragraph Frames, Writing Frames) *Frames should not be used as “worksheets” for students to fill-in.
They should be used to support students’ thinking as they retell, summarize, and/or write. is writing using a “frame” (outline or template) to write a paragraph that contains a main idea (topic sentence), supporting details, and a summary statement (conclusion).Download