Obesity literature review

Understanding Obesity and Endometrial Cancer Risk: WC may be a valuable means of quantifying the risk of hypertension in the obviously obese individuals as it is cheap, easier and faster to apply than BMI which, in addition to a stadiometer, requires a weighing scale and calculation of the index.

The Honolulu Heart Program. There is growing evidence that dysregulation of adipokines hormones from adipose tissue such as adiponectin, visfatin and resistin may explain the link between obesity and OA - suggesting that osteoarthritis may be a systemic disease in obesity.

Practical Implications and Complications. Elevated serum cholesterol is a risk factor for both coronary heart disease and thromboembolic stroke in Hawaiian Japanese men: Social and economic consequences of overweight in adolescence and young adulthood.

In one study involving psychiatric evaluation of patients before bariatric surgery, the prevalence rates were as follows: Disease and mortality in sub-Saharan Africa. However, the association of obesity and hypertension was not interrogated in this survey.

This review of the prevention Obesity literature review obesity in pre-school children has been conducted to inform such policy. However, this still remains a hypothesis which needs investigating. The authors argue Obesity literature review other cardiovascular morbidities associated with obesity and overweight may have lead to the diagnosis of HF in its earlier stages in the obese group than in the group with lower BMI, therefore, reducing the risk of death from CHF.

Methods A broad scoping search was undertaken to identify key terms, to assess the breadth and depth of the literature and to establish a broad structure for the review.

The INTERHEART study, among other studies, showed that high hip fat distribution assessed by hip circumference had a negative predictive effect on myocardial infarction MI whereas high waist fat distribution again assessed by waist circumference was associated with high rates of MI.

There were 35 hits. Effect of weight reduction on respiratory function and airway reactivity in obese women. After further analysis, overweight and obese patients had a hazard ratio of 0.

Current evidence linking obesity and mortality Several large studies have demonstrated increased mortality above a certain threshold of BMI. This broad search resulted in over 40, citations. In women this relation is true with ischaemic stroke Obesity literature review not haemorrhage stroke.

For uterus and breast cancers, it is thought to be due to higher oestrogen levels synthesized from fat tissue in obese women. Obesity and lipid metabolism: Cesarean Section in Morbidly Obese Parturients: Library of the National Academies.

In one prospective multicentre study, the prevalence of asthma was observed to increase in obese patients. Obesity is also obstetric risk and is associated with increased risk of certain infectionswhich may require tertiary level care which may not always be accessible.

Obesity and the risk of myocardial infarction in participants from 52 countries: Very low density lipoprotein VLDL clearance in plasma is dependent on the rate of hepatic synthesis and catabolism by lipoprotein lipase, an enzyme which is also involved in formation of HDL. Heart Disease There is unequivocal evidence that there is an increased risk of coronary artery disease CAD in obesity.

Body mass index and ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke; a prospective study in Koreanmen. Obesity Silver Spring ; The Global Burden of Disease: In one large cross-sectional population study, which was part of a randomized trial, involving 10, subjects, the adjusted odds ratios for heart burn and acid regurgitation occurring once in a week in obese patients were 2.

Obesity and the risk of heart failure. Well-designed studies examining a range of interventions remain a priority.

Complications of obesity in adults: A short review of the literature

Eur J Clin Invest. Weight, weight change and coronary heart disease in women. International Journal of Obesity. Breast cancer and obesity: Overweight children and adolescents.

Weiss ST, Shore S.Literature Review on Childhood Obesity By: Obesity is a growing problem among U.S.

children. Inone in five children between the ages of 6 and 17 was overweight. This is double the rate of 30 years ago (National Center for Health Statistics, ). A literature review undertaken on preventing obesity in children aged.

literature review In order to conduct a thorough review of the medical and scientific literature, the committee, Institute of Medicine (IOM) staff, and outside consultants conducted online bibliographic searches of relevant databases (Box C-1) that included Medline, AGRICOLA, CINAHL, Cochrane Database, EconLit, ERIC, PsycINFO.

Obesity, which broadly refers to excess body fat, has become an important public health problem. Overweight and Obesity in Children: A Review of the Literature 5 Executive Summary Childhood overweight and obesity are increasingly significant problems, and ones that are likely to endure and to have long term adverse influences on the health of individuals and populations unless action is taken to reverse the trend.

Obesity Literature review I. Introduction Obesity is a medical condition in which excess body fat has accumulated to the extent that it may have an adverse affect on health, leading to reduced life expectancy.

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Obesity literature review
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