European Intermediaries in the Fur Trade By the eighteenth century, the demand for furs in Europe was being met mainly by exports from North America with intermediaries playing an essential role. Countless generations of Canadian school children got their sense of history from seeing their images reproduced in text and picture books.
Carlos, Ann and Frank Lewis. The Natives used the iron axe heads to replace stone axe heads which they had made by hand in a labor-intensive process, so they derived substantial benefits from the trade as well. Memory and knowledge of Nitassinan, a website dedicated to the Innu nation in which elders pass on their skills and knowledge to younger generations.
Archaeologists have found plenty of evidence of early trade of items such as pottery, silver, and copper tools. A blue capote, a beaded pipe bag hung from a bright red sash, beaded moccasins and the inevitable pipe, became standard items.
This means that as early asthe potential market for hats in England alone was nearly 5 million per year. This seems unlikely, since grease interferes with the felting of wool, rather than enhancing it. Historically, the maritime fur trade was not known by that name, rather it was usually called the "North West Coast trade" or "North West Trade".
The cultural groups divide along geographic lines since the environment influenced the way they lived.
More importantly, they learned of a frozen sea to the north that provided easy access to the fur-bearing interior. After contact with the whites, many Native populations were decimated by epidemics. The impact of European goods produced a change in Neolithic America far more concentrated and rapid than anything in the history of white civilization.
The pattern at York Factory was similar. To bolster these territorial claims, the French constructed a series of small fortifications, beginning with Fort Frontenac on Lake Ontario in The period of relative stability was broken in the final years of the s. Inthe Iroquois made a series of raids into Wendake that were intended to destroy the Wendat as a people with thousands of Wendat taken to be adopted by Iroquois families with the rest being killed.
Open access creates a situation where there is less incentive to conserve, because animals not harvested by a particular hunter will be available to other hunters in the future. It was these higher fur prices that led to over-harvesting and, ultimately, a decline in beaver stocks.
Entry into the fur trade and intensified warfare brought on other changes in Iroquois ecology and social organization. The English organized their trade on strictly hierarchical lines while the French used licenses to lease the use of their posts.
The attacked fled before the attackers; those who had firearms or iron for points pushed back those armed with bone- or stone-tipped weapons. The first pelts in demand were beaver and sea otter, as well as occasionally deer, bear, ermine and skunk.
A culture was forced to change much faster than change could be adjusted to. The Europeans, it might be noted, supplied no food to the trade in the eighteenth century. Across aboriginal societies in North America, one finds a range of property rights regimes.
It is important to recognize, however, that although the European goods were new to aboriginals, the concept of exchange was not.
As is evident from the table, the commercial trade was more than in beads and baubles or even guns and alcohol; rather Native traders were receiving a wide range of products that improved their ability to meet their subsistence requirements and allowed them to raise their living standards.
By only 3, survived. By each warrior probably had his own musket, and superior firepower together with reliance on individual prowess in guerilla-like warfare granted them superiority over their neighbors Orterbein Maritime fur trade The North West Coast during the maritime fur trade era, about to The maritime fur trade was a ship-based fur trade system that focused on acquiring furs of sea otters and other animals from the indigenous peoples of the Pacific Northwest Coast and natives of Alaska.
When the local Nipissing invited 2, people from as far west as the Sault and as far east as Huronia. Finally, another negative outcome of socializing between Native and European or Euro-Canadian populations was the propagation of viruses and illnesses against which the former had no immunity, resulting in a high mortality rates in certain periods and posts.
It also seems likely, as Richards argues, that women gradually assumed the right to adopt captives into the local matrilineages. Ray permanently changed the direction of economic studies of the fur trade with two influential works that presented a modified formalist position in between the extremes of Innis and Rotstein.
Between the 16th and 18th centuries, Russians began to settle in Siberiaa region rich in many mammal fur species, such as Arctic foxlynxsablesea otter and stoat ermine. The most important was spruce tea, which was full of vitamin C and prevented or cured scurvy, a dreadful vitamin-deficiency disease that killed many white people.
The French fur trade Empire eventually consisted of a line of forts through much of the Great Lakes and down the Mississippi River. Champlain spoke admiringly of these hard-working farmers, whom he called Hurons. Diseases such as smallpox and measles wiped out entire villages and groups of people.
Soon, however, the growing fur trade gave the various clusters an overriding convergent interest. While some historians dispute the claims that the competition was predominantly responsible for over-exploitation of stocks,  others have used empirical analysis to emphasize the changing economic incentives for Aboriginals and role of the Europeans in the matter.CONTACT & CONFLICT: The Fur Trade: Contact, Trade and Alliances between First Nations and Europeans: The French eventually extended their influence and trade alliances from the east coast of Canada, along the St.
Lawrence River, into the Great Lakes, and down the Mississippi River. Fur trade brigade (Frances Anne Hopkins). The Fur trade: The Beginnings of the Fur Trade: They are the cleanest native people in their household affairs that I have seen and the most industrious in making mates.
one of the most powerful men in Canada, dumped his country (Indian) wife, when he returned to Britain, so he could marry his cousin! Having a pipe (Arthur Heming) The.
Fur Trade Essay Examples. 11 total results. 4 pages. The Life and Career of John McLouhlin. words. 2 pages. An Introduction to the Effects of the Fur Trade on the Native Peoples of Canada. words. 1 page. The Great Influence of the Fur Trade in Canada The Effects of the Fur Trade on the Native People of Canada.
words. 1. A Country by Consent is a national history of Canada which studies the major political events that have shaped the country, presented in a cohesive, chronological narrative. Many of these main events are introduced by an audiovisual overview, enlivened by narration, sound effects and music.
The Fur Trade: Impact on Native America. Details Category: History 16 Week 1 THE FUR TRADE: ITS IMPACTS ON NATIVE AMERICA This meant, inevitably, that people who had felt the first impact of the fur trade were left behind in its wake, while new groups sought to enter it.
Everywhere, the advent of the trade had ramifying consequences for. As important as the fur trade was to Native Americans in the sub-arctic regions of Canada, commerce with the Europeans comprised just one, relatively small, part of their overall economy.
Exact figures are not available, but the traditional sectors; hunting, gathering, food preparation and, to some extent, agriculture must have accounted for at.Download